The culture of Japan is known as the “culture of sword-blade and the brush” since there is no country where the martial arts traditions were so much closely intertwisted with the widely-spread culture of spirit and art, such as painting, calligraphy, versification. That’s interesting but the art of sword-blade weapon manufacturing has not been acknowledged as the high art anywhere as in Japan to make people get astonished so far in every corner of the world. Thus, the art of mastering such weapon has been brought to the extent as never done in any of countries. This relates to any weapon, whether it is the sword, poleaxe or spears and the short blade weapon.
Due to regular wars and military conditions a plenty of weapons were made and used in Japan to ХІІІ century. The most popular for the Samurai warriors was the sword, though.
There were several types of samurai swords classified by the length as follow:
Daisho is the pair of swords used by the Samurai. It includes daito and Shoto as one. This type of weapon is not katana and wakizashi, though used as tachi and katana, the shoto is katana.
In the medieval Japan the weapon could tell a lot about its owner and people could judge about the particular person, including his/her class, the school of martial arts he or she represented, the financial state, the service status and a lot more based upon the variety of the weapon they would wear.
The Japanese swords did not disappear as the institution of Samurai did. Yet, there are plenty of people who aspire and do study the martial arts (for example, Kendo and Iaido schools which train martial arts based on swords only), the collectors who just get the swords and keep them at home and merely people who are interested in Japanese culture and martial arts weapon.